Agreement In Sudan

Today`s signing of the peace agreement between the Sudanese government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front, an alliance of nine political and armed groups from different parts of the country, including states affected by the conflicts of Blue Nile, Darfur and Southern Kordofan, must meet the people`s aspirations for dignity and justice, Amnesty International said today. The agreement followed ten months of negotiations in Juba, South Sudan. The key to achieving inclusive and lasting peace is to ensure public ownership and to find ways to involve civil society actors and marginalized communities, such as nomads, in dialogue, reconciliation and social peace initiatives. The negotiations were mainly an elitist process from top to bottom. Although the United Nations brought displaced persons, tribal leaders and women`s groups to Juba for a short period of time, civil society participation was limited. However, the Agreement provides that a wider range of stakeholders can be integrated into a global peace through reconciliation and transitional justice mechanisms, follow-up conferences and an inclusive national constitutional conference. After a three-hour meeting, negotiated by a South Sudanese mediation team, Amar Daldoum, on behalf of SPLM-N (al-Hilu) and Shams al-Din Khabbashi on behalf of the Sovereignty Council, they signed an agreement on political, security and humanitarian procedures on behalf of the Sovereignty Council. The agreement was co-signed by the president of the mediation team, Tut Galwak. The SPLM-N (al-Hilu) and the Sovereignty Council planned to develop a declaration of principle to organize the continuation of the peace process and present their political vision. [7] The guarantors of the agreement of Chad, Qatar, Egypt, the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations have also committed themselves to the agreement. On 17 December, Hemetti and Malik Agar, head of SPLM-N (Agar), signed an agreement on the two-zone «humanitarian protocol and ceasefire. The agreement includes a ceasefire monitoring group consisting of three representatives from both sides and a South Sudanese chair in Khartoum, with a sub-office in Kadugli and another in Ed Damazin; and sending a joint mission to both areas to assess humanitarian needs and plan and implement a humanitarian action plan.

[1] The agreement was reached after nearly a year of peace talks.

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