The Agreement For Bringing Peace To Afghanistan

The Afghan peace process includes proposals and negotiations to end the ongoing war in Afghanistan. Although sporadic efforts have been made since the war began in 2001, negotiations and the pacifist movement intensified in 2018 amid talks between the Taliban, the main insurgent group fighting the Afghan government and U.S. troops; and the United States, with thousands of troops in the country supporting the Afghan government. [1] In addition to the United States, regional powers such as Pakistan, China, India and Russia and NATO also play a role in facilitating the peace process. [2] [3] Finally, despite the brief ceasefire since the signing of the agreement, the Taliban appear to have intensified their military campaign against the Afghan security forces. In June 2020, the Afghan government announced that Taliban attacks had increased by nearly 40% compared to the same period last year. In July, President Ghani warned that the persistence of heavy violence presented a serious challenge to the opening of negotiations, and the Afghan government said that more than 3,500 security forces had been killed since February. President Trump sees the signing of the Doha agreement as the fulfillment of an important election promise for 2016 and a blessing for his re-election hopes. However, in a hurry to work in such a short period of time, the U.S. negotiating team, led by the former Amb, did. Zalmay Khalilzad concessions that weakened the Afghan government and strengthened the Taliban. Unlike the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, the joint statement explicitly refers to al Qaeda terrorist groups and the self-proclaimed Islamic State of Chorasan, not «armed groups.» The United States and NATO have committed to training Afghan security forces (in accordance with existing security agreements [PDF]) and conducting counter-terrorism operations, while the Afghan government has pledged to prevent these terrorist groups from using Afghanistan as a base and continuing to conduct counter-terrorism and anti-drug operations.

On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, officially titled the «Afghanistan Peace Agreement.» [95] The provisions of the agreement include the withdrawal of all U.S. and NATO troops from Afghanistan, a Taliban promise to prevent Al Qaeda from operating in as-controlled areas and talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government. [96] The United States has agreed to reduce its initial level from 13,000 to 8,600 by July 2020, followed by a total withdrawal within 14 months if the Taliban meet their commitments. [7] The United States also committed to closing five military bases within 135 days[97] and announced its intention to end economic sanctions against the Taliban by August 27, 2020. [98] The increase in attacks is not necessarily a violation of the Doha agreement.

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